2020 Minnesota State Shipping Regulations

2020 Minnesota state DOT shipping laws, regulations, rules, limitations for oversize and heavy-haul trucking permits.

Minnesota

Heavy-haul trucking and pilot car regulations.

Minnesota oversize, heavy-haul and pilot car companies for hire:

Minnesota pilot cars and truck escorts for hire
Minnesota oversize and heavy-haul trucking companies for hire.
Minnesota oversize and heavy-haul trucking permits.

Do I need a trucking permit? Legal load limits.

Minnesota maximum load limits until a trucking permit is required.

Length: Trailers no longer than 53 feet on designated highways.  All other roads 53 feet.
Width: 8 feet and 6 inches.
Height: 13 feet and 6 inches.
Weight: 80,000 pounds GVW, 20,000 pounds on a single axle, 23,000 pounds on tandem axles with spread limited to 20,000 pounds, 20,000 pounds on tridem axles, quadem axles is 18,000 pounds maximum.
Overhang: 3 feet in the front and anything over 4 feet in the rear must be red flagged in the day and red light at night.

Routine oversize and heavy-haul trucking permits.

These maximum dimensions/weights are considered routine oversize or heavy-haul trucking permits in Minnesota:

Length: Combinations overall length over 75 feet requires a permit. Single vehicles that exceed 45 feet require a permit. Anything under 130 feet long is considered routine.
Weight: Single axle 20,000 pounds, 40,000 pounds on tandem axles (46,000 pounds with a bridge check), tridem axles 60,000 pounds, quadem axles 72,000 pounds,  trunion axles 60,000 pounds. Gross weights: 5 axles 92,000 pounds, 6 axles 112,000 pounds, 7 axles 132,000 pounds, 8 axles 144,000 pounds. Over 150,000 pounds is a superload.
Width: Figure up to 14 feet to 16 feet as a routine permit. Anything over 16 feet wide man have routing issues and require a route survey.
Height: Over 13 feet and 6 inches requires a permit. Up to 14 feet is easy, then at 15 feet and 6 inches route restrictions start to apply. If over 15 feet and 6 inches you have the pleasure of paying for a route survey unless it’s an easy short run then you may wiggle out of it.
Notes: Farm equipment operating at less than 30 miles per hour may be exempt. Utility poles may be exempt. Heavy-haul loads have to deal with frost laws. Visibility from inclement weather can side-line you as well.

Minnesota superloads.

What constitutes a superload in Nebraska:

Superloads in the state of Nebraska are defined as any shipment in excess of the above weights or dimensions described above in “routine”.  Also see: Laws for Minnesota state oversize and heavy-haul.

Legal travel times for oversize and heavy-haul loads.

Travel times and restrictions for heavy-haul and oversize loads:

Travel times are primarily from 2 AM until 10 PM except for holidays.  Some areas have rush hour restrictions 7:30 AM to 8:30 AM and 4:00 PM to 5:30 PM so check your permit as any applicable restrictions will be listed on it. For heavy-haul loads there are spring restrictions that start usually late in February and usually end and the end of May. Night time travel is simply defined as local times of sunrise and sunset. The state of Minnesota observe Central standard Time.

Lights, safety flags and warning signs for heavy haul and oversize loads.

Required marking, safety flags, warning signs for heavy haul and oversize loads:

Signs: Oversize load signs will need to meet the following requirements: be constructed of a rigid material or mounted on a flat surface that ensures the sign will remain flat and clearly legible to all approaching traffic. Warning signs must be a minimum size of 18 inches tall and 84 inches wide. The background of all signs must be yellow in color with the letters OVERSIZE LOAD”printed on them with a clear font that is no less than 10 inches tall and 1 and 3/8ths of an inch thick and black in color. The sign panel shall be lighted when ever use during night time transport. Whenever lighting a sign it must be an a manner that illuminates it well enough to be seen from a distance of no less than 500 feet. Any oversize load that is in excess of 12 feet wide requires oversize load signs. Oversize load signs are required on all vehicles and shipments that exceed 95 feet in length. All signs will need to be legible, clean and in good condition whenever used. The appropriate and applicable sign will need to be mounted on the roof of the escort vehicle (not on the bumpers) whenever a escort vehicle or pilot car is required. Oversize load signs will need to be mounted on the cab of the truck that is towing the shipment and on the rear of the trailer that is hauling the shipment and installed no less than 5 feet above the pavement. Signs will need to be displayed when escorting or moving a oversize load. The oversize load sign shall be required on any oversized loads with multiple dimensions. “WIDELOAD” and “LONG LOAD)” signs must be used on escort vehicles, whichever is applicable. Signs will not be permitted to extend beyond the width of the fenders of the vehicle more than 6 inches to the left or the right of pilot car vehicles. The Minnesota DOT may even require additional signs if they determine that it is necessary.
Flags: Flags are required to be used on any projection(s) that extend more than 3 feet beyond the front bumper or 4 feet beyond the rear of the truck bed of any semi-trucks or when any loads exceeds 9 feet wide and or 65 feet long. Flags must be either safety fluorescent red, yellow or orange and be no less than 18 inches square. They must be securely attached to all extremities of overhang whether on the front the rear and at the corners at the widest point so they are clearly visible to approaching motorists.
Warning lights: warning lights are required when traveling during night hours and must be visible from a distance of no less than 500 feet on a clear day. Simultaneously flashing warning lights will need to be spaced as far apart from each other as possible and are required on the front and rear of the shipment and have a flash rate somewhere between 60 and 90 flashes permit. Lenses on all warning lights must be a minimum of 4 inches in diameter or have a minimum lense surface area of 12 and 1/2 inches. Instead of a pair of warning lights that flash simultaneously either one or more strobe lights or rotating lights may be permitted.

When pilot cars or escort vehicles are required.

Heavy-haul or oversize loads may be required to be accompanies by a escort vehicle or pilot car if:

Length: 95 feet to 110 feet 1 pilot car or escort vehicle on the rear. Over 110 feet requires 1 front escort and 1 chase pilot car.
Width: Loads over 12 feet and 6 inches most of state roads requires one (but not all), 14 feet and 6 inches to 16 feet require 1 front pilot car and 1 rear escort on non-divided highways but only 1 rear on divided highways.  Over 16 feet wide and they will require 1 lead pilot car and a Police/LPA on the rear. On less than 4 lane roads 1 front pilot car is required and on 4 lanes 1 rear escort is required.  Up to 15 feet wide at which point a second escort is required. 18 feet or wider requires a police escort.
Height: If over 14 feet and 6 inches in height you may be required to have a high pole depending on route..
Note: Permits will state on them if they are valid for either 3 or 5 days.

Pilot cars/escort vehicle certifications and requirements.

Pilot car or escort vehicle mandatory operator certifications and vehicle requirements:

The state of Minnesota has two different types of pilot cars/escorts.

“Civilian” escorts/pilot cars and “Peace Officer” escorts/pilot cars. Let’s learn about the two types first.

Civilian escorts/pilot cars: A civilian escort is an individual with a valid drivers license and a valid certification from Minnesota state DOT which has reciprocal agreement (MVCSHTO) with the following states: Colorado, Florida, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Utah and Washington state. Operators must be a minimum of 18 years old and in a properly equipped automobile or pickup truck. This agreement allows other civilian escorts (pilot car operators) certified in participating states to operate in each other.
Peace officer escorts: A peace officer escort is a Minnesota state licensed peace officer using a state authorized emergency vehicle displaying red and/or blue lights. A peace officer escort is the only type of escort permitted that has the ability to require on-coming traffic to yield to the right of way whenever an oncoming wide load encroaches over a 2 lane road center-line. A peace officer escort or pilot car will be required whenever a loaded trucks width extends over the roadway center-line and into on-coming traffic or whenever a loaded truck dimensions require the truck to travel in the wrong lane of the roadway. The Minnesota DOT has determined if extreme hazards exist a peace officer escort or pilot car is the most reasonable solution to maintain road safety for motorists. The carrier must arrange for peace officer escorts or pilot cars whenever they are required whether it is specified on the permit or not. Any time a shipment may potentially cross over the center-line a peace officer escort or pilot car is required.
Civilian escorts/pilot cars continued: Pilot car and escort vehicles can be either a pickup truck, SUV, van, or a passenger vehicle that is in good operating condition and is properly equipped. The driver of a pilot car or escort vehicle must be a minimum of 18 years of age and have a valid drivers license. No pilot car or escort vehicle is permitted to tow any type of trailer or other vehicle when operating in the capacity of a escort or pilot car driver. A pilot car or escort vehicle operator is not permitted to perform any other duties other than operating the vehicle. If a rear steer is needed or a remote is being utilized the operator of the pilot car or escort vehicle is not permitted to take part in any of these operations. All escort vehicles and pilot cars are required to be equipped with a wide load or long load sign that shall be displayed on the top of the vehicle. This sign must be clean clear and visible to all traffic. Rotating strobe being or flashing amber lights are required to be installed in the center of the roof of the vehicle and not be obstructed by any other signage. Multiple lights may be used provided they are not obstructed by anything and should be placed on the far right and left hand sides of the upper portion of the vehicle. A pilot car operating in the capacity of a lead vehicle will need to proceed the shipment by a minimum distance of 300 feet and no more than 700 feet. Rear escort vehicles or chase vehicles must follow the shipment at a close safe distance that clearly identifies it as part of the escorted shipment. Convoys are not permitted unless specifically authorized by the Minnesota state DOT.

Long load.


Minnesota DOT contact information and notes.

Minnesota DOT office and permit contact information:

Minnesota Administrative Truck Center
395 John Ireland Boulevard
St. Paul, MN 55155
Telephone line: 651-296-6000
Hours: Monday – Friday 8:30 AM – 3:00 PM (closed from Noon until 1 PM).
Website: www.dot.mn.gov
Central Standard Time
Notes:
Minnesota is a member of the MVCSHTO agreement.

Minnesota cities serviced.

 

 

The information contained in these pages is research information primarily for use by oversize and overweight trucking company drivers, dispatchers and pilot car companies. While every effort is put into maintaining the accuracy of this information you must absolutely verify this information with the Minnesota State DOT Permits office before commencing movement.

 

 

minnesota-state

 

Clarification of flagging and flagger certifications.

What is flagging? What flagging certifications am I required to have?

What is flagging?

A “flagger” or “flagging” is a person on a construction site or zone who controls the flow of traffic. Flaggers maximize the flow of traffic while protecting motorists from accidents when the normal flow of traffic is interrupted due to construction, accidents, shipments or anything else that is disruptive to the normal operation of traffic flow in a location. Most states require any person that acts as a flagman or flagging and controls traffic to be certified by that state to ensure they operate within the guidelines set forth by that particular state. A permit is usually required to temporarily control traffic in any location. However, some circumstances require immediate action, thus obtaining a permit isn’t probable. In this type of circumstance it is expected of the individual who decides to control the traffic have the mandatory certifications as well as appropriate equipment to do so. Since over-dimensional shipments have a higher probability of potentially creating a temporary situation where traffic may require a flagger to ensure the safety of motorists some states do require pilot car and escort vehicle operators to be properly certified by them and carry the tools required to do so with them when operating. In this article we’ll have a look at what states require and expect of pilot car and escort vehicle operators while working in their states.

What flagger certifications am I required to have?

Flagger paddle.

Standard flagger paddle stop/slow sign.

Every state we know of requires flagger certification for individuals and companies who intend on controlling traffic or acting as a traffic controller. Many community colleges offer affordable flagger certification classes that are approved by the state. Most flagger certification classes that we are aware of take a minimum of 40 hours of classroom time. If you are interested in becoming a certified flagger or traffic controller the best place to get more information is from the department of transportation or the department of motor vehicles. They should be able to provide you with contact information for state approved flagger certification programs. It is very important for anyone considering controlling traffic at any time to become certified as it is against the law to control traffic without proper authority. You may be able to contact your local police department for assistance in getting connected with a state certified flagger certification program if you are unable to get in contact with the Department of Motor Vehicles or the Department of Transportation. If you would like more information on obtaining your flagging certification or which states require certain certifications you can visit our regulations pages for more information.

 

 

What is the proper way to flag traffic?

Flagging traffic is a pretty straight forward thing to do. Obviously you want to protect yourself so you’re not accidentally hit by any oncoming vehicles. Outside of that you want to follow basic standard procedures which seem to be fairly universal anywhere you go. You definitely want to make sure that the motorist has a good distance to see you in advance. We suggest a minimum safe distance of about 300 feet. This allows approaching traffic to have sufficient distance and time to reduce speed before they approach you. In urban areas where speed limits are lower you may not need to have such a long distance so use your best judgement.

Stand with your body facing the traffic on the edge of the road but not on the curb. So you should be just right outside of the traffic lane. Always stand in a location where you can see and be seen by approaching motorists.

If you just need to slow the traffic down position your flagging sign so the word slow are facing the oncoming traffic. Never wave or sign when using the sign always hold it up right towards the oncoming traffic so they can see the word slow. It needs to be clear to the motorist exactly what you are wanting them to do. The drivers should never have to guess what you want them to do so never wave your your sign. Simply hold it up straight and firmly with your body facing the traffic.

If you need to slow the traffic down so you can then stop them you will want to make sure your sign is facing them with the word stop on it from me nice clear distance. Let’s for instance say you are chasing 120 foot long load and the turn radius will require the truck to almost come to a complete stop in order to make the turn then you are probably going to decide the traffic needs to come to a complete stop. In some cases you can use your freehand by holding it up in one position with your palm facing towards the oncoming traffic. This should instill confidence in the motorist that you are protecting them by wanting them to stop and that you are clearly paying attention to them. Always be very courteous and very brief. You will find over all being candid towards motorists pays off as they appreciate what you are doing for them.

Now let’s say do you want to get the traffic moving again. You may decide if they need to move slowly to use your slow sign. In this case with your body facing the traffic flip your sign so the word slow is facing the oncoming traffic with your body. With your freehand you can also wave for them to proceed. Once you get the traffic flow going again simply lower your sign so it is upside down and below your waist. It’s also a good idea to consider holding your sign below your waist with the flat side facing the traffic so they don’t see either of the words slow or stop.

Keep in mind that some states may require you to set up as many as three safety cones or triangles and in some conditions even road flares near the position where you will be flagging from. So it’s a very good idea to have your flagging certification so you are aware of the laws and can abide by them. This article covers just the basics and is by no means to be anticipated under any circumstances as state law. Each state has a specific set of rules and instructions that will need to be obeyed. Make certain you are familiar with the flagging and traffic control laws in the state you are operating in.

 

Illinois State Shipping Regulations for oversize and heavy haul.

Shipping laws, regulations, limitations and rules for shipping oversize and over-weight loads over the roads and highways in the state of Illinois.

Illinois

The great state of Illinois official seal.

Please share your expertise or knowledge of Illinois state shipping regulations with other visitors below.

Trucking and pilot car location system:
Locate trucking companies and pilot cars in Illinois.

Locate specialized trucking companies in Illinois.
Locate pilot car companies in Illinois.
Order oversize trucking permits.



Legal load limits in Illinois.
Illinois DOT legal load size & weight limitations.

Legal Loads.
Length:  65’ overall length maximum.
Width: 8’6” on interstate and other designated highways, 8’ on non-designated highways.
Weight:  GVW 80,000,  Single 20,000, Tandem 34,000,   Tridem 42,000
Height:  13’6” is the maximum allowed height for legal loads.
Overhang:  3’ front in the front and 3’ off of the rear of trailer.

Routine oversize shipping, trucking and transport permits.
Oversize and overweight trucking permits that are routinely issued by the state of Illinois.

Length:  Up to 145’ long. Anything longer see superload section below.
Weight:  Single 24,000, tandem: 48,000, tridum: 60,000, Quadem: 60,00 gross, 5 Axles 100,000 lbs., 6 Axles 120,000 lbs., 7 axels: 120,000, 8 axles: 120,000 lbs.
Width: 14’6” (any load over 16′ will require special admin approval before permit is issued).
Height: 15’ (any load over 16′ tall requires a route survey).

Superload information:
Illinois DOT superload information.

Length: Any load that is longer than 145′ is considered a superload.
Width: Any load that is in excess of 14′ 6″ in width is considered a superload.
Height: Any load that is in excess of 15′ 6″ in height is considered a superload.
Weight: Any load that exceeds 120,000 lbs on any standard axle configuration whether it’s a 6,7 or 8 axle configuration or not is considered a superload.
Overhang: Contact them as this varies depending on route.
Notes: Spacing between steer and first tandem must be more than 8′ 1″. The spacing before the first axle and the trailer must not exceed 18′ 6″.  All axle spacings combined must not be less than 43′ 6″. Superload permit processing times vary. Expect delays. Before requesting a route you are expected to do as much research on your own as possible. They will refer you to: GettingAroundIllinois for construction zones and other closures. 

Permitted travel times and restrictions in Illinois:
Illinois travel times and restrictions for oversize loads.

Travel is permitted from ½ hour before sunrise to ½ hour after sunset  Monday thru Friday and ½ hour before sunrise until 12PM on Saturdays. Loads that are overweight only may travel 24/7 on all days of the week (make certain it is not documented otherwise on your permit before doing so). No travel is permitted on Sundays unless you are below the routine permit standards of no more than 115′ in length, 12′ in width, 13′ 6″ in height (sunrise to sunset rules apply).  No movement is permitted on the major holidays: New Years Day, Memorial Day, Independence day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day. Travel stops at 12PM on the day before any of these holidays. The Illinois oversize load permit office is closed on MLK Day, Lincolns birthday, Washingtons birthday, Columbus Day, Election Day, Veterans Day and on the day after Thanksgiving. However, travel is not restricted on these days. Always refer to your permit for approved travel times.

Required shipment, truck and trailer markings:
Truck, trailer and shipment required signs, banners and flags.

A rotating amber light must remain on at all times mounted on top of the cab and be visible from 360 degrees from a minimum of 500′ in direct sunlight. If your overall length is more than 80′ in length you are required to have one amber light over the cab of the truck and one amber light no more than 10′ from the rear of end or trailer/load at the highest point that is practicle. Oversize load signs must be a minimum of 7′ in width x 18″ in height, have a yellow background color with black lettering no less than 10″ in height x 1″ thick – we have recently heard 12″ tall x 2″ thick so please clarify and comment below if you know which is correct. Flags are required at all 4 corners of the load and front of truck and are to be safety red in color and no less than 18″ square. Shipments over 75′ in length, 10′ in width or 14′ 6″ in height are required to have signs. Signs must be placed on the front and rear extremities of the truck, trailer or load.

When pilot cars are required:

Length: If over 110′ in length you are required to have a minimum of 1 pilot car and in some places 2 pilot cars (higher traffic density or certain times of year). If over 145′ (150′ in some very rural areas) in length you are required to have 3 pilot cars –  yes 3. If over 175′ in length a police escort will be required.
Width: Up to 14’6” requires 1 pilot/escort vehicle. Over 16’ requires 2 pilot/escort vehicles. Over 18′ in width will require a police escort. 
Height: Up to 14’ 6” 1 pilot/escort vehicle, over 16’ requires 2 pilot/escort vehicles. Over 18′ in height will require a police escort.
Weight: No requirements as long as you can maintain minimum speeds. However on bridge moves that require all other vehicle traffic to be removed will required appropriate number of pilot cars which is a minimum of 2 and possibly 3 with police escort. All areas are different and require evaluation.
Note: If you exceed any two dimensions, then you are required to have an additional pilot car. So if you’re over 14′ 6″ tall and 14′ 6″ wide you would be require to have 2 pilot cars.

Required pilot car certifications:

Cars, vans or trucks may be used as long as gross weight of pilot car vehicle is rated at no more than 8,000 lbs. Pilot car driver must be 18 years of age minimum with a valid regular drivers license. Pilot cars must have a rotating or flashing amber light mounted on the top of the vehicle (no specs as of time of writing 2014). Must display red flag at all 4 outer most points of the vehicle and have “OVERSIZE LOAD” signs that are a minimum size of 5′ wide x 12″ tall and have black lettering no less than 8″ in height. Must have radio and be in constant communication with the driver transporting the shipment at all times. Must have $500,000 per occurrence combined insurance that covers property and body.

How to apply for trucking permits:

Illinois Department of Transportation – DOT
Bureau of Traffic, 2300 S Dirksen Parkway
Springfield, IL  62764

Email: dot.permitoffice “at” illinois.gov
General inquiry phone: 217-782-6273
Phone: 217-785-1477 or 800-252-8636 within the state.
Fax: 217-728-3572

Note: Fee varies depending on dimensions and miles traveled. Permit is valid for 5 days.

Hours: from 8 AM until 4:30 PM

Central Time Zone

 

The information contained in these pages is research information primarily for use by oversize and overweight trucking company drivers, dispatchers and pilot car companies. While every effort is put into maintaining the accuracy of this information you must absolutely verify this information with the Illinois State DOT Permits office before commencing movement.

illinois-state