USA – Canada driver border crossing notice.

US and Canada Regulations.

US and Canada Regulations.

2021 USA Canada truck driver border crossing requirements.

The following rules and regulations apply to all US citizens crossing over into Canada:

Passports:  All US citizens must have a valid US passport or you will NOT be allowed entry into Canada.

Convictions: A simple DUI conviction or any criminal conviction of a felony charge will exclude you from eligibility for entering Canada.  If you have any doubt about your record or eligibility you should check with Canadian customs before approaching the border of the USA/Canada.  It is important for you to know that Canada does NOT want anyone with a criminal conviction allowed entry into the country.

Loads/Shipments to/thru Canada:  Shipments into Canada are required to obtain electronic clearing by an authorized  Canadian customs border broker.  If you are taking a shipment into Canada you must have a PARS BAR CODE number that will be assigned to the shipment you are hauling.  A PARS BAR CODE STICKER must be affixed to the bills of lading for that shipment before being submitted (faxed) to the Canadian customs border broker by the shipper.  The broker will include this PARS BAR CODE NUMBER with the electronic file they send to Canadian customs officials when filing for clearance.  The driver will then give the lading bills with the PARS BAR CODE STICKER attached to Canadian customs officials which will clear the shipment.  This process usually takes a certified Canadian customs broker about 2 hours to get filed with the Canadian customs authorities.

Loads/shipments to the USA:  Shipment into the USA must be pre-cleared in order to cross the USA/Canada border.  You MUST have pre-clearance BEFORE approaching any USA border.  The USA system is called the ACE ELECTRONIC E-MANIFEST and must be completed for every shipment that enters the USA.  If you require an ACE MANIFEST you will be required to have a US border customs broker prepare your crossing with the US government so you can be assigned a manifest number.  Once the information is submitted to the US customs broker the process usually takes about 2 hours.  For US crossings you must include the driver’s passport number with the ACE E-MANIFEST filing.

If you have any additional comments or clarifications please leave them below for the next visitor.

2021 frost winter frost laws, thaw laws and weight restrictions.

2021 frost laws, thaw laws and seasonal weight restrictions.

Frost/thaw damages to surface.

Frost/thaw damages to surface.

Learn the details of the winter frost laws, spring thaw laws and seasonal weight restrictions. Details for the USA and Canada by State/Province. Many areas incorporate temporary special weight limits and restrictions (frost or thaw laws) during the winter and spring months of the year. These temporary restrictions are usually referred to as “frost laws” or “thaw laws” and implemented typically during the month or March and April. In some Northern States and Provinces frost laws can still be in effect in July as it’s much colder in the North. Since these restrictions are implemented on a “as needed” basis it is possible many of the official government websites may not have published this temporary restriction in a convenient place as frost laws are also subject to change at any moment based on the temperature of the roads core. You want to be certain to check with the appropriate officials to verify the latest changes in the laws.

2021 United States: Restrictions on winter and spring seasonal weight laws.

Idaho   Iowa   Maine   Michigan   Minnesota    Montana   Nevada    New Hampshire    New York   North Dakota  Pennsylvania    South Dakota    Vermont   Washington    Wisconsin    Wyoming

2021 Canada: Restrictions on winter and spring seasonal weight laws.

Alberta   British Columbia   Manitoba   New Brunswick New Foundland & Labrador  Nova Scotia  Nunavut  Ontario    Prince Edward Island   Quebec    Saskatchewan

Why we have these laws and must protect our roads and highways.

In order to keep the trucking industry operating the Northern US states and Canadian provinces rely on engineers and scientific data to determine which dates frost laws will be in effect. With fairly recent advances in science and technology, data is much more reliable. This helps with the implementation of “Frost Laws” or “Seasonal Weight Restrictions” ensuring they are not implemented to early or late. While no State or Province desires to delay the transportation of goods through their territory it is imperative public assets are protected.

In areas that constantly get negative (ie: -10 below zero) temperatures the amount of damages has forced Northern US States as well as Canadian Provinces to create and enact laws that restrict vehicle weights during the spring and winter months (specifically trucking companies) when the roads and bridges are thawing out. There are all kinds of things that can go wrong with different types of roads and pavements. For example the State of Michigan has implemented permanent frost laws that go into effect during the months of March through May (and in some cases even June). Some routes require legal axle weight limits be decreased by as much as 35%. Some areas and local governments may also limit heavy-haul vehicle speeds to a maximum of 35 miles per hour during frost/thaw law months regardless of posted limits.

Oregon hwy. US 1. Photo courtesy of

One of many examples is in Southern Oregon on old US Highway 1 (which follows the coast line from Mexico to Canada) the road is as much as 16 feet thick as years of pavement (even bricks) has been laid down year after year since the early 1900’s. It should be noted that today’s technology is able to provide us with roads that are flexible due to the engineering of the construction process and the materials used. Excessive weight exerted by overloaded axles (or a weakened supporting base) can cause the pavement to bend or deform. The strength of the road combined with its resistance to bending determines the amount of weight the roadway can handle.


See also:

Tire chain laws.
Tire chain laws by location.
Trucking regulations.
Federal bridge formula.
Exemptions from seasonal restrictions.