California Oversize and Overweight Permits
Contact (877) 792-5056 for Oversize Permits in California.
Are you transporting a load that must be accompanied by oversize and overweight permits in California? Wide Load Shipping is the expert you need to acquire the necessary shipping permits in no time and transport your oversize or overweight load safely. We have a team of experienced logistics agents to help you meet your needs. Learn about shipping permit limits, pilot cars, and more below.
Oversize Load Limit in California
California DOT legal load size & weight maximums.
- Length: 65 feet.
- Width: 8’6 feet.
- Height: 14 feet.
- Overhang: 3 ft front overhang and 6ft rear overhang.
- Weight: 80,000 lbs GVW.
Will I Need a Pilot Car or Escort Vehicle in California?
Shipments requiring escort vehicles or pilot cars:
- Length: If over 100′ in length in the city of Los Angles or Los Angeles county you will be required to have 1 front and 1 rear pilot car/escort. This may be required in other areas as well. If over 120 feet and no longer than 135 feet in length on some routes you will be required to have 1 front and 1 rear pilot car/escort vehicle. If over 135′ in length you will be required to have 1 front and 1 rear escort on any road in the state.
- Width: If your shipment is over 12′ wide the “general rule” is you will be required to have 1 front pilot car on 2 lane roads or 1 rear escort on 4 lane roads however note that 2 pilot cars are required on some routes. Any shipment in excess of 12 feet should figure on a minimum of 2 pilot cars or escort vehicles.
- Height: Once you hit the 18 feet mark in height everything changes. You’ll be required to have a height pole pilot car/escort vehicle and before you even apply for your permit you have to conduct a route survey with the pole set at a minimum of 18 feet and 3 inches (18’3″) as well as a utility company clearance letter. Anything over this height will be required to notify all utility companies in advance of transport.
- Weight: There is little mention of weight restrictions and pilot cars. As with many states if the shipment is able to maintain the minimum required speed limits then a pilot car or escort vehicle may not be required. If your shipment is not able to meet the minimum speed requirements then you will more than likely be required to have at minimum 1 front and 1 rear pilot car/escort vehicle and in some cases may even be required to have a police escort. This is based entirely on your proposed route, the weight of the heavy haul shipment, and ultimately the California heavy haul permit department.
- Overhang: It all depends on the route. Just as a basic rule to calculate off of (not legally binding) if you have less than 15′ of rear overhang you are probably not going to be required to have a pilot car. If you are dealing with a shipment that has 20′ – 25′ of overhang then yes you are going to be required to have at least 1 pilot car/escort vehicle – if the overhang is in the front then lead and if off of rear chase. If you have both front and rear overhang that is in excess (30′ front and 25′ rear) count on being required to have 1 front and 1 rear pilot car/escort vehicle.
What’s the Cost of Trucking Permits In California?
Here are the costs of oversize and overweight permits in California. Wide Load Shipping team of specialists will help you acquire the right permits for your load. Call us at (877) 792-5056!
- Single trip permits: $16
- Annual trip permits: $90
- Repetitive permits: $90
Pilot Car and Escort Vehicle Certifications and Requirements in CaliforniaPilot cars (escort vehicles) are required to have a minimum of one flashing or strobing amber light mounted at the highest point of the vehicle. The light must be visible from 360 degrees from a distance of no less than 500′ and be completely covered when not tending a shipment. Pilot car vehicles must be equipped with a CB radio or a 2-way communication device with a range of no less than 15 miles and be in constant communication with all parties related to the shipment at all times while in transit. The vehicle is required to have identification signs on each side of the vehicle stating the company name, address, and contact telephone number. Vehicle must be equipped with the appropriate banner/sign stating ‘OVERSIZE”, with “OVERSIZE LOAD”, “WIDE LOAD” and “LONG LOAD” being used when appropriate that is a minimum of 5′ in width and 10″ in height with black lettering no less than 1 5/8″ letter thickness and a yellow background mounted no less than 48″ from the pavement surface. If not tending a shipment this sign must be fully covered or removed. The vehicle must have one safety colored red flag mounted on each side of the vehicle with a minimum distance of 16″ in either direction. Vehicles must also be equipped with a handheld sign with the words “stop” on one side and “slow on the other, an emergency colored vest/shirt/jacket with reflective stripe and a red emergency flag of no less than 24” in either direction. Note: In our professional opinion all pilot cars and escort vehicle operators have items in addition to the above: 2 – 5 pound fire extinguishers type A, B, and C, 3 reflective emergency road triangles, or 18″ traffic cones, 8 burning road flares, 2 OVERSIZE LOAD banners (yellow with black lettering) and a hard hat. Also when working in California you want to make sure you have the pilot car maps.
Oversize and Overweight Permit Limits in California
Below are the maximum dimensions a load can be even with a permit in the state of California:
- Max Length With Permit: 135 feet
- Maximum Width With Permit: 15 feet
- Maximum Height With Permit: 17 feet
- Max Overhang With Permit: Depends on the route
Here’s the maximum weight your load can be, even with a permit in California:
- Single Axle Weight Permits: 20,000 pounds
- Tandem axles Weight Permits: 46,000 pounds
- Tridem axles Weight Permits: 60,000 pounds
- Trunnion axles Weight Permits: 60,000 pounds
- Five axle Weight Permits: 112,000 pounds
- Six axle Weight Permits: 117,450 pounds
- Seven axle Weight Permits: 158,000 pounds
- Eight axle Weight Permits: 181,300 pounds
NOTES: The distance between axles is measured to the nearest whole foot. When a portion is six inches you round up to the nearest foot, ie: 8 feet and 6 inches would be documented as 9 feet.
The Overhang From the Front of the Trailer
The Overhang From the Rear of the Trailer
Lights and Flags for Shipments That Have a Rear Overhang
Exemptions for Poles, Timber, Pipes, Etc.
Forklifts Protruding From Trailers
Projections From the Side of Trailers
Boat Shipping Boom, Masts, Cranes, Shovels, and Drilling Equipment Restrictions
Transporting booms, masts, cranes, shovels, or drilling equipment is permitted provided it meets the two-thirds (2/3) provisions described above in “overhang from the rear of any trailer”. Any protrusions from the trailer must be secured to prevent and bending or movement. Front projections that may extend further than the front axle must be a minimum of 7 feet above the pavement and must not restrict the vision of the truck driver.
Container Shipping and Overhang Limitations
Container shipping companies that have intermodal capabilities whether shipping within or out of the state of California must ensure that all lower corners are securely fastened to the trailer. On trailers that are not designed as “intermodal” trailers, you are not permitted to overhang from the front or rear of your trailer and all 4 corners must rest securely upon your trailer however, IF the trailers are completely empty overhang is permitted provided it meets all other overhang restrictions and does not protrude more than 5 feet from the front or rear of the trailer. Also keep in mind the state of California conforms to the regulations defined in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Title 49, Part 393, Section 126 (c) and (d) as well as California state law defined in the California Code of Regulations (CCR): Title 13, Div 2, Chap 7, Article 1, Section 1300 (b). If you intend on operating as a container shipper it is strongly advised you clearly understand the limitations set in both federal and state laws.
Drawbars or Load Extensions
Extension devices or drawbars up to 18 inches in length are not included in measuring the length of a tractor or trailer individually but are included in measuring a shipment’s overall length. If you are simply towing a small trailer, boat, car or camper see the California sections on the “Auto, Boat, & Camper Transporters Exemptions.”
Safety Devices to Ensure Trailer Attachments
Any safety devices that are used to ensure the trailer is secured to the towing vehicle are permitted provided they are no longer than 10 inches in length. If you need to perform more research on California overhang laws this is directly from the source.
California Superload Information
In California, shipments in excess of the following weights/dimensions are classified as superloads.
- Superload Weight: over 250,000 pounds of gross weight.
- Superload Length: over 150 feet.
- Superload Width: over 16 feet.
- Superload Height: over 16 feet.
- Superload Overhang: 4+ feet
In-depth California Superload Information
- Length: If you are over 135′ in length overall you are more than likely going to be classified as a superload in California.
- Width: Depending on routing and the number of lanes available on the route but 15′ in some areas would qualify you. Over 17′ in width and you will more than likely be categorized as a superload.
- Height: Anything over 18 feet tall will require a route survey. If 18′ feet or over in height you more than likely will be classified as a superload. For detailed information on California’s maximum height limitations check out the state height limitations and routes.
- Weight: Of course, heavy haul weights are a huge issue. Anytime your overall GVW is over 80,000 pounds or you exceed any of the above (see routine permits) limitations on length, width, or height depending on the route you desire you are subject to be classified as a superload.
- Overhang: California is NOT going to let you break the rule of 1/3 (no more than 1/3 of overall length can overhang) and they shouldn’t in our opinion from a general viewpoint. Get your proposed routing together and talk to them and see what you come up with would be our suggestion. 15′ possibly routine. 20′ and you are a superload for sure we’d guess.
NOTES: Here are some maps for superloads (California calls them “Extralegal” – maybe Arnie came up with that?)that can save you some serious money when you need the information. If you need to hire an expert to take care of your California shipping needs or even consult you we are happy to assist you. Most of the time we can handle your problem over the phone for a reasonable fee but when you need someone in the field we are qualified to assist you.
Permitted Oversize and Overweight Loads Travel Times & Restrictions in California
California permitted travel times and restrictions for heavy haul and oversize loads:
- No travel from 6 AM until 9 AM in/around Los Angeles, San Diego, Sacramento & San Francisco.
- No travel from 3 PM until 6 PM in the same areas with a 1-hour variance.
Holiday Travel in California
- New Years Day
- Abraham Lincoln’s birthday
- George Washington’s birthday
- Memorial Day
- Independence Day
- Labor Day
- Thanksgiving Day
- Christmas Day
If the holiday is on a Friday or a Monday there is no travel permitted on Saturday or Sunday. Never travel without first verifying approval first which will be documented clearly on your permit.
Shipment, Truck and Trailer Flags, Lights, and Markings in CaliforniaTruck, trailer, and shipment required signs, banners, and flags. All trucking companies that are hauling oversize and overweight shipments must have an amber-colored strobing or flashing light affixed to the top of the tractor-trailer cab that is visible 360 degrees from a minimum distance of 500′. Signs that state the exact nature of the shipment; “WIDE LOAD”, “OVERSIZE LOAD”, “LONG LOAD”, “EXCESSIVE FRONT OVERHANG”, “EXCESSIVE REAR OVERHANG”. If the shipment is over 100′ overall then the “LONG LOAD” sign shall be displayed and the “OVERSIZE LOAD” sign is to be displayed for lesser lengths and other oversize configurations. The other signs will need to be used when appropriate. When shipping ANYTHING in excess of 80′ in length, 102″ in width, or more than 10′ of overhang you MUST have the appropriate sign on the front of the tractor-trailer and on the rear of the trailer and/or rear of the overall shipment. The signs must have lettering that is a minimum of 10″ in height with a minimum of 1 5/8″ letter thickness with lettering being black in color on a yellow background. All shipments that are in excess of the 102″ must also have safety-colored red flags placed on all corners of the shipment that are no less than 16″ in either direction. Overhang must be flagged as well. California law defines daylight time as 1/2 hour before sunrise and 1/2 hour after sunset which leaves you open for trouble on lighting which states that during the hours of darkness (we’ve got a 1/2 hour of lee-way time here) you must have 2 red lights on the side and rear (visible from a minimum of 500′) attached to the load or extremities. So, as soon as you pull out in the AM or if it gets close to dusk pull over and put on the red lights so you don’t find yourself in court trying to argue their error in defining “daylight hours” as it is a contradiction that our legal beagles caught while perusing their endless piles of regulations.
Maximum Oversize Load Allowed On The Road in California(even with permits)
Shipments in excess are classified as “superloads”.
- Max Length Allowed With Permits: 135 feet.
- Max Width Allowed With Permits: 15 feet.
- Max Height Allowed With Permits:7 feet.
- The Maximum Weight: Steering axle, 12,500 pounds. Single axle, 20,000 pounds. Tandem axle, 46,000 pounds. Try to maximal, 60,000 pounds. Trunnion axle, 10 feet wide 60,000 pounds. Quad axles are not recognized for heavy haul weights. Gross weight on five axles 112,500 pounds. Six axles hundred and 17,450 pounds. Seven and eight axles 158,000 pounds to 181,000 pounds which will be subject to inspection for heavy haul shipments. You may not move a heavy haul shipment on tandem axles that have more than an 8-foot spread. You may not move a heavy haul shipment on tridem axles that exceed a 10-foot spread.
Heavy Haul and Oversize Trucking Shipments Are Classified as Superloads in California
Any shipment that is in excess of 15 feet wide is classified as a superload. Any shipment that exceeds the weights and dimensions listed above will more than likely be classified as a superload. In many circumstances, certain routes will require that you file for a superload permit while other routes may require you to file a standard permit. For more information please refer to the above section on super loads as well as the CalTrans links. While performing our research we found it difficult to obtain information on California superload shipments as the term “superload” is not as widely used in this state as in other states.
Heavy Haul and Oversize Load Sign, Flags, and Lights in California
Any shipment being moved in the state of California that is in excess of 8’6″ wide or 80 feet in length or more than 10 feet of overhang will need to use the appropriate warning signs. Warning signs shall be posted on the front and the rear of the shipment and need to specify “LONG LOAD” or “OVERSIZE LOAD” or “WIDE LOAD” or “EXCESSIVE FRONT OVERHANG” or “EXCESSIVE REAR OVERHANG”. The applicable warning sign must be used whenever you are transporting oversize shipments. At times when a shipment is oversize and long but under 100 feet in length, an “OVERSIZE LOAD” sign should be displayed. However, if the shipment is in excess of 100 feet long then a “LONG LOAD” sign is required. All signs must display black letters on a yellow background. The letters must be 10 inches in height and a minimum of 1 and 5/8 inches wide. All signs will need to be mounted at least 18 inches above the surface of the road on both the front and the rear of the entire combination of signs and flags required on vehicles that are over the legal width (8’6”). Flags are required whenever any shipment extends beyond 4 feet or more from the end of the trailer. For night movements you will need to use both safety lights and flags. Two safety lights and two flags are required for night shipments that are in excess of 12 feet in width. These lights are to be no more than 6 candlepower lights that are clearly visible from both the side and the rear of the shipment for 500 feet. If the shipment has a front overhang you may be required to use white lights visible from 500 feet in combination with flags on the front of the load. As stated above the flags will need to be red or fluorescent orange in color and square, with each side of the square a minimum of 16 inches. Any revolving amber lights on any towing unit must be completely covered when not engaged in transporting a permitted shipment.
Pilot Car and Escort Vehicle Requirements in California
When a shipment is over 12 feet wide depending on the routes, one or two pilot cars or escort vehicles are required. When a shipment is 120 feet and up to 135 feet long depending on the location and route, one or more pilot cars or escorts may be required. If the shipment is over 100 feet in length in Los Angeles County or in the city of Los Angeles you will be required to have one front and one rear pilot car or escort vehicle. Any shipment that is in excess of 18 feet or more in height will require a utility clearance and a survey of a route done by a pilot car or escort vehicle equipped with a high pole. For shipments that have 30 feet or more of front overhang, one pilot car will be required. For shipments with 25 feet of overhang beyond the rear of the trailer may require one or more pilot cars or escort vehicles. Be sure to use the above links to print a CalTrans route classification map to determine if you are moving on a red, blue, green, yellow, or brown route for escort/pilot requirements. Pilot car requirements in the state of California required by CalTrans on oversize and some heavy-haul shipments are extremely complicated. At times on some routes with a rear overhang that is over 25 feet, some areas may require two rear pilot cars or escort vehicles while on other routes one. Some route colors only allow a single pilot car or escort vehicle to operate on them. Be 100% certain you have done your homework when it comes to operating a pilot car or escort vehicle in the state of California. Failure to comply will likely result in a hefty fine.
Requirements for Escort and Pilot Car Operators in California
All pilot cars and escort vehicles must be a minimum of 60 inches wide. All escort vehicles and pilot cars must display at least one red warning flag on each side of the vehicle. The flag will need to be a minimum of 16 inches and in the shape of a square. All flags need to be mounted so that they are visible from both the front and the rear of the vehicle. You must remove all flags when you are not operating in the capacity of an escort or pilot car driver. The vehicle must be equipped with a stop slow sign, at least one orange safety vest, shirt, or jacket, a 124-inch handheld warning flag that is square, and two-way communication radio. All escort vehicles and pilot cars are required to be equipped with a flashing amber warning light. Flashing amber warning lights will need to be visible from the front, rear, and side of the pilot car or escort vehicle. All pilot cars and escort vehicles will need to display a company’s sign on the side of the vehicle and nice clean and legible lettering which includes your contact information. All escort vehicles and pilot cars will need to display legible signs that state the oversize load visible from the front and the rear. This sign will need to be above the pavement a minimum of 4 feet and be completely legible from 45° from either side when read from the front or the rear. All lettering must be a minimum of 6 inches tall on a yellow background and be black in color with a minimum thickness of 1 and 5/8 of an inch. All signs must be a minimum of 440 square inches.
At no time is a stop slow sign to be used from the window of a moving vehicle. All warning lamps will need to be covered when the pilot car or escort vehicle is not working.
Oversize Load Travel Times in California
The 24 hours a day seven days a week policy has been replaced with a 3 AM policy for movements during dark hours. When filing for permits be sure to request as much travel time as you wish as all they can do is modify it in accordance with their regulations. However, if an escort or pilot car vehicle is required you will be subject to various curfews. If travel time is restricted note that sunrise means one-half hour before the sun rises and sunset means up to one-half hour after the sunset. Shipments that are in excess of 12 feet in width are prohibited from traveling during the early morning hours and late afternoon hours in the greater San Diego, Los Angeles, and San Francisco areas. Slow-moving vehicle emblems must be displayed whenever a vehicle will be operated at speeds of less than 25 mph shipments that are 10 feet or more wide are not permitted to travel Monday through Friday during the following times in the following cities.
- Greater Los Angeles: 6-9 am and 3-6 pm.
- Greater Sacramento: 7-9 am and 4-6 pm.
- Greater San Diego: 7-9 am and 4-6 pm.
- Greater San Francisco in the Oakland Bay Bridge: 6:30-9 am and 3:30 – 6:30 pm.
- San Francisco city limits: 7-9 am and 4-6 pm.
A California Highway Patrol is required when shipments in excess of 15 feet wide travel on two-lane roads and up to 16 feet wide on yellow routes. Again depending on the size of your shipment and the desired route of travel, there are all kinds of variances in travel times. There is even a subsection for what is called “variance loads” when a shipment is over 15 feet wide, 17 feet tall, or over I hundred and 35 feet long or for hauling special equipment that exceeds the department standard method of weight classification which will need to be up proved by a special processing unit.
Written route surveys are required under many circumstances from the applicant. The California Highway Patrol in coordination with the district traffic manager will determine the required hours of travel. If you are required to have an inspection performed by the permit office inspectors you can reach the vehicle inspectors at one of the following numbers:
Southern California: 909-223-8860.
Central California: 916-215-7937.
Northern California: 530-941-0121.
Inspections usually require a minimum of 20 days before they are performed. If you need to speak to a headquarters equipment engineer, you can call 916-653-4385.
Ready To Aquire an Oversize Permit For Your Load in California? Call (877) 792-5056!
MORE USEFUL RESOURCES
Where can I find info on allowed year of semis? I was told any semi older than 2008 is not allowed in CA? Thank you.
I pull a 9 axle Cozad. The drives and 3rd tandems are 102″. The 1st and 2nd tandems, and the deck are 120″. There are “oversize” banners and 2 18″ flags mounted mounted on the front bumper of the truck and the back bumper of the very end of the trailer. I’ll put magnet or bungee flags on any parts of the load that hang over the 120″. Now for my question: I got upgraded from the old Freightliner Classic to a newer Peterbilt 386. The Pete has a round bumper with no easy looking place to mount front flag holders. A google search of where I legally needed flags led me here. It reads like I need the flags on the “shipment” or the load, not necessarily the nose and rear of the entire truck and trailer. Will I be better off mounting the flags on the 4 corners of the 120″ deck, or, like it has been, at the extreme ends of the truck and trailer?
Extreme ends. Pardon the late reply.
I have a cement plant tollway I’m 96100 gross front axel is 14160 drives is 48100 back axel is 33960 ca is saying I have to have more then 34000 back their the back wheels does not move what can I do
Get more axles…………
Hi,have a question,had discussion with my dispatch,about the 41ft,yes with 53 ft trailer,can I put the axel anywhere as long do not exceed 41ft,sorry for my English…and if you have the regulation about it can you send it to me please,thanks
Absolutely not. California has very strict regulations when it comes to axle spacings. I am unable to answer your question entirely as I do not know your entire configuration. I would suggest you stop into the closest California scale house when you have time and speak to the California DOT inspectors. Hopefully they can have a quick look at your entire tractor/trailer configuration and let you know precisely what you can and can’t do. I’m sure this isn’t exactly the answer you were looking for but hopefully it helps you solve your question legally.
Not to be a smarty but if you’re hauling vehicles you are allowed to have 4 feet of front overhang (not 3) as long as it is a vehicle that overhangs. I was here for the length and appreciate all of the information you have on this great website. Thank you.